National Youth Day
National Youth Day, also known as Vivekananda Jayanti, is celebrated on 12 January, being the birthday of Swami Vivekananda. In 1984 the Government of India declared this day as National Youth Day and since 1985 the event is celebrated in India every year. The circular stated: “it was felt that the philosophy of Swamiji and the ideals for which he lived and worked could be a great source of inspiration for the Indian Youth.”
This date was chosen to honor the birthday of Swami Vivekananda, one of India’s greatest spiritual and social leaders. He saw hope for the future in every child and believed that with “muscles of iron” and “nerves of steel” they could bring about social change. Swami himself personified the eternal energy of the youth and a restless quest for truth.
Swami Vivekananda’s birthday (12 January 1863), according to the Indian Almanac (Vishuddha Siddhanta Almanac) is on Pausha Krishna Saptami tithi, which falls on different dates in the English Calendar every year (generally in the month of January). This is observed in various centres of Ramakrishna Math and Mission in a traditional Hindu manner which includes mangal arati (a kind of worship practised in India, especially by Hindu people), special worship, homa (fire-ritual), meditation, devotional songs, religious discourses and sandhya-arati (vesper service at evenings).
Universal Brotherhood Day
The “Universal Brotherhood Day” is observed on 11 September, on the day when Vivekananda delivered his first speech at the Parliament of the World’s Religions Chicago in 1893 and addressed the American people and his audience as “Sisters and brothers of America”.
NATIONAL YOUTH DAY
A Leader is Born
Swami Vivekananda is born into an aristocratic family in Kolkata, India.
East Meets West
Vivekananda speaks at Parliament of the World’s Religions in Chicago and introduces the Vedanta philosophy to the West.
The Ramakrishna Mission For Social Services
Vivekananda founds the Ramakrishna Mission — its ideals are based on karma yoga and the teachings of its guru.
A Great Soul Departed
Vivekananda retires to his room and passes away peacefully while he is in a meditative state.
- National Youth Day Declared
The Indian Government declares Swami Vivekananda’s birthday, January 12, as National Youth Day to honor the great spiritual leader, and to encourage the youth in the country.